Introducing Phonemes

Phase 1
This phase uses simple games and activities to develop children's abilities to hear, make, explore and talk about sounds. This is a vitally important phase that should be continued throughout kindergarten, first and second grades.

Phase 2
This phase introduces children to the relationship between graphemes (letters) and their corresponding phoneme (sounds). This is done systematically in sets. Typically, a new set is introduced each week.

As each set of letters is introduced, children will use their knowledge of the letter sounds to blend and sound out words with an animated book that is a part of each set of letters. For example, children will learn to blend the sounds s-a-t to make the word sat. They will also learn to segment words with an animated exercise book. For example, children might be asked to find the letter sounds that make the word tap from a small selection of letters the children select and move into place on the screen.

SET 1: s, a, t, p

SET 2: i, n, m, d

SET 3: g, o, c, k

SET 4: k, e, u, r

SET 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, s, ss

Phase 3
More complex grapheme-phoneme correspondence is introduced in this phase.

SET 6: j, v, w

SET 7: y, z, zz

Tricky Graphemes: c, x, q(u)

Consonant Digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng

Vowel Digraphs and Trigraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

Phase 4
This segment teaches blending and segmenting words with adjacent consonants, such as trap, string, milk, block.